|Latin Name:||Amelanchier canadensis|
|Bloom Time:||April to May|
|Shape:||Rounded to spreading|
|Bark:||Light gray and smooth|
|Sun:||Full sun to part shade|
|Zone:||Zone 4 to Zone 8|
|Size:||25 to 30 feet|
|Spread:||15 to 20 feet|
|Care:||Medium, well drained soil|
Native to the uplands, woodlands, streambanks, and wet bogs of eastern North America, the Shadblow Serviceberry goes by a variety of names, with “Chuckleberry”, “Juneberry”, “Shadblow”, “Thicket Serviceberry”, “Grape Pear”, and “Sugarplum” amongst their number. It earned its most common name—Shadblow Serviceberry—from the fact that its fruit typically ripens in the month of June, when the shad (a species of fish popular in northern America) are most plentiful, swimming together and spawning in coastal rivers and estuaries.
A member of the Rosaceae family, this specimen is scientifically classified as Amelanchier Canadensis. A thickly-branched multi-stemmed shrub, the Shadblow Serviceberry can otherwise be cultivated as a small tree, reaching an average height of 25-30 ft. with a rounded crest, and spreading out to encompass a span of 15-20 ft. This species should be cultivated in full sun to partial shade, ideally in medium, well-drained soils, and it requires minimal pruning or fertilizing. Though prone to fire blight, this specimen is resistant to most pests, making it a popular ornamental choice for gardens within the Shadblow Serviceberry’s 4-8 hardiness zone rating. This plant can alternatively either be made into bonsai or can be easily mass planted due to its natural suckering inclination.
The Shadblow Serviceberry is decked with simple, alternate, and finely toothed foliage; its leaves are a medium to dark green color, shifting to sumptuous shades of auburn and bronze in the autumn. The tree produces fragrant, tiny white blossoms from April to May, further brightening the backdrop of its glossy silver-gray bark. In early summer, the tree’s globular green berries redden and then ripen into purplish-black fruits (similar in size, shape, and color to blueberries) which are widely used for pies, jellies, sweetbreads, and jams. The wood of the Shadblow Serviceberry, like that of other serviceberry variations, is among the heaviest American woods, its value corresponding to the size of the tree.