At Native Forest Nursery we grow bare root seedlings and #3 container trees. Our container trees are grown in a #3 air pruned pot. This root making container eliminates nearly all potential for root wrapping. This allows for an excellent root structure and delivers an extremely healthy tree. The bare root seedlings at our nursery are grown in a sandy loam soil with high organic matter content, which provides an extremely healthy environment for our seedlings. Our bare root liners and seedlings are hand lifted, packaged, and kept in cold storage until you are ready to plant. Conservation uses for our products include reclamation, mitigation, reforestation, restoration, wildlife habitat improvement and wetland uses. Horticultural uses for our products include field liners, container liners, landscape plantings, budding stock, grafting stock and ornamental uses.

Family: Pinaceae
Latin Name: Pinus strobus
Foliage: Dark green
Fall Foliage: Evergreen
Bloom: Non-flowering
Shape: Oval-rounded crown
Bark: Red-brown
Sun: Full sun to part shade
Zone: Zone 3 to Zone 8
Size: 50 to 80 feet
Spread: 20 to 40 feet
Care: Medium, well drained soil

Distinguished as the tallest tree of eastern North America, Pinus Strobus—commonly referred to as the White Pine—normally looms up to a magnificent height of 50-80 ft. with a 20-40 ft. span; in pre-colonial stands, however, some specimens were reported to grow up to a skyscraping 230 ft.! The tallest current champion, as recorded by the Native Tree Society, stands at a remarkable 188 ft. The White Pine is a moderately fast-growing tree, with its greatest growth spurt (roughly 3 ft. per year) occurring between the ages of 15-45.

Native to the eastern uplands and mixed forests ranging from Newfoundland to Minnesota and southward to Georgia and Alabama, the White Pine is also known as “Eastern White Pine”, “Northern White Pine”, “Weymouth Pine”, and “Soft Pine”. Among the Iroquois tribe, the tree is known as “the Tree of Peace”, and serves as a legendary symbol of solidarity of the League of Five Nations; as historian and museologist (and adopted Seneca tribe member) A. C. Parker published in the early 1900s: “Weapons would be buried under [such] a tree to seal a peace agreement. A tree might even be uprooted to create a cavity for these weapons. The replanted tree on top would become a tree of peace.”

The nonflowering evergreen White Pine, like most pine variants in the Pinaceae family, grows optimally in medium, well-drained soils, and boasts a 3-8 hardiness zone rating. It prefers full sun to partial shade, and its oval-round canopy shades its reddish-brown bark. The specimen’s soft needled leaves are dark green with a bluish tint, finely serrated, long, and segregated in fascicles of five. They cling to the branches for approximately 18 months before being naturally shed. The White Pine produces its first set of cones, cylindrical and chocolatey-brown, after 5-10 years.

This species can function as a charming specimen for parks and lawns, either planted solely or as a hedge. It is easily cared for, demanding minimal maintenance and simply requiring adequate space to accommodate for its sizeable growth. The White Pine also functions as a valuable source of nourishment and shelter for a wide range of biota, and has been used in traditional medicine thanks to its various homeopathic properties. The White Pine’s wood is also highly valued for its straight grain, lightweight hardiness, and length; it has been used extensively for construction, furniture, cabinetry, and handcrafts, and was once prized as the primary wood used for ship masts.

Mature Tree Photos: