At Native Forest Nursery we grow bare root seedlings and #3 container trees. Our container trees are grown in a #3 air pruned pot. This root making container eliminates nearly all potential for root wrapping. This allows for an excellent root structure and delivers an extremely healthy tree. The bare root seedlings at our nursery are grown in a sandy loam soil with high organic matter content, which provides an extremely healthy environment for our seedlings. Our bare root liners and seedlings are hand lifted, packaged, and kept in cold storage until you are ready to plant. Conservation uses for our products include reclamation, mitigation, reforestation, restoration, wildlife habitat improvement and wetland uses. Horticultural uses for our products include field liners, container liners, landscape plantings, budding stock, grafting stock and ornamental uses.

Family: Pinaceae
Latin Name: Pinus virginiana
Foliage: Dark green
Fall Foliage: Evergreen
Bloom: Non-flowering
Shape: Oval-rounded crown
Bark: Orange-brown
Sun: Full sun
Zone: Zone 5 to Zone 8
Size: 20 to 40 feet
Spread: 20 to 35 feet
Care: Medium, well drained soil

Easily labelled the underdog of the Pinaceae family, the sturdy Virginia Pine is a scrubby evergreen tree that has exceptional resilience in a variety of soil and site conditions, adapting to and thriving in even the poorest sites. Usually small to medium-sized, Pinus Virginiana’s oval-round crown peaks at 20-40 ft., with the tree’s outstretched branches encompassing a decent 20-35 ft. span. For optimum growth, this pioneering species demands access to full sun and cultivation within medium, well-drained soils; it is particularly intolerant of both suffocating shade and excessively alkaline loam.

The nonflowering Virginia Pine has a 5-8 hardiness zone rating; its native range extends from Long Island to the uplands of Tennessee and Alabama. This plant enjoys an average lifespan of 65-90 years, and has proven very accommodating and valuable for reforesting and as a wildlife habitat and food source. The Virginia Pine is especially favored by woodpeckers (which prefer the soft trunks of older specimens) and meadow voles (which eat the bark and girdling of the tree, sometimes to the extent that a young tree is killed due to the voles’ overconsumption); the specimen’s seeds provide nourishment to a variety of birds and small mammals, and many fungi species also survive symbiotically with this tree.

The Virginia Pine is known for its shallow roots, plated coppery-brown bark, and its needle-like evergreen leaves. Paired in fascicles, these needled leaves are short, sharp, and slightly twisted, a motif mirrored by the Virginia Pine’s twisted trunk. The needles are typically dark green, but they can take on a slightly yellowish tint. The Virginia Pine is available at some Christmas tree farms, and its wood can be used for lumber and pulp; though not necessarily rot-resistant, it can be treated with preservatives, and the wood itself becomes very hard and unmalleable during the drying phase.

Mature Tree Photos: