At Native Forest Nursery we grow bare root seedlings and #3 container trees. Our container trees are grown in a #3 air pruned pot. This root making container eliminates nearly all potential for root wrapping. This allows for an excellent root structure and delivers an extremely healthy tree. The bare root seedlings at our nursery are grown in a sandy loam soil with high organic matter content, which provides an extremely healthy environment for our seedlings. Our bare root liners and seedlings are hand lifted, packaged, and kept in cold storage until you are ready to plant. Conservation uses for our products include reclamation, mitigation, reforestation, restoration, wildlife habitat improvement and wetland uses. Horticultural uses for our products include field liners, container liners, landscape plantings, budding stock, grafting stock and ornamental uses.

Family: Pinaceae
Latin Name: Pinus echinata
Foliage: Dark green
Fall Foliage: Evergreen
Bloom: Non-flowering
Shape: Pyramidal
Bark: Red-brown
Sun: Full sun
Zone: Zone 6 to Zone 9
Size: 50 to 60 feet
Spread: 20 to 35 feet
Care: Medium, well drained soil
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An evergreen member of the Pinaceae family, Pinus Echinata is frequently found in the dry and rocky uplands of the southeastern United States. This species craves conditions that enable its growth beneath full sun and in medium, well-drained soils, with its native range thus extending along the east coast from New Jersey to Florida and stretching westward to Oklahoma. It claims the largest range, in fact, of all the southeastern pines. Fast-growing (particularly after the first few years) and topped with a blunt pyramidal canopy, the Shortleaf Pine extends up to 50-60 ft. with a decent 20-35 ft. span. This tree has a 6-9 hardiness zone rating, and is forbearing of a wide range of site and soil conditions.

True to its name, the nonflowering Shortleaf Pine has smaller-than-average needled leaves, normally with 2-3 leaves to a bundle. Its bark is brown with muted red undertones, featuring an extremely flaky texture that is not as furrowed as the bark of other pines. This bark is also characterized by unusual small specks of resin that appear on its surface as if bubbling up through the wood. The Shortleaf Pine’s cones are fairly small and brittle, tainted dusky brown with pale ridges and graying over time; the Shortleaf Pine’s binomial name aptly translates to “prickly pine cone tree”. This species matures after about 15 years, producing large seed crops every 4-5 years. These cones unfurl when mature, yet can cling to the branches for a couple of years, therefore decorating a tree that bears cones of various ages and stages.

The Shortleaf Pine has been noted for gamely hybridizing with many other pine varieties, producing very valuable and resilient crossbreeds. It has its place in the medicinal field, too; this plant has been used in folklore remedies to treat all sorts of maladies ranging from back pain to swelling and from treating worms to inducing vomiting. The Shortleaf Pine’s wood has had a number of uses; it was once used to build canoes, and today it is valued as plywood, pulp, and timber. It’s also likely that you’ve seen this species being sold in December as a Christmas tree.


Mature Tree Photos: