At Native Forest Nursery we grow bare root seedlings and #3 container trees. Our container trees are grown in a #3 air pruned pot. This root making container eliminates nearly all potential for root wrapping. This allows for an excellent root structure and delivers an extremely healthy tree. The bare root seedlings at our nursery are grown in a sandy loam soil with high organic matter content, which provides an extremely healthy environment for our seedlings. Our bare root liners and seedlings are hand lifted, packaged, and kept in cold storage until you are ready to plant. Conservation uses for our products include reclamation, mitigation, reforestation, restoration, wildlife habitat improvement and wetland uses. Horticultural uses for our products include field liners, container liners, landscape plantings, budding stock, grafting stock and ornamental uses.

Family: Juglandaceae
Latin Name: Carya illinoinensis
Foliage: Green
Fall Foliage: Yellow-brown
Bloom: Greenish-yellow
Bloom Time: April to May
Shape: Oval
Bark: Brownish-black and slightly scaly
Sun: Full sun
Zone: Zone 5 to Zone 9
Size: 100 to 75 feet
Spread: 40 to 70 feet
Care: Medium, well drained soil

Looking for the nation’s most commercial nut provider? Look no further than the south central and southeastern United States, where the Pecan tree has been cultivated, consumed, and appreciated since America’s first pre-agricultural societies. Native American and early European settlers alike prized this species’ fruit, with notable accounts of the plant recorded by even our nation’s Founding Fathers. Since 1919, the Pecan tree has been claimed as the state tree of Texas. The town of San Saba claims the title of “Pecan Capital of the World”, and numerous other American towns still hold annual festivities celebrating the pecan harvest.

A member of the Juglandaceae family, a mature Carya Illinoinensis¬ (the binomial classification for the Pecan) reaches an imposing height of 75-100 ft., with its oval-shaped canopy spanning roughly 40-70 ft. This tree has a 5-9 hardiness zone rating and favors environments that allow for full sun. Flourishing in medium, well-drained soils, the Pecan is habitually found in uplands ranging from Iowa, Illinois, and Indiana to Alabama, Mississippi, and Mexico. This species is characterized by deciduous green foliage that darkens to toffee-gold tinctures in the autumn. The Pecan’s monoecious yellowish-green catkins appear from April to May, brightening its encrusted brownish-black bark.

The tree’s crowning glory, of course, is its autumnal fruit, borne in clusters of 2-10 nuts, which are thickly shelled and ovoid in shape. As one of the most recently domesticated major crops (officially as of the 1880s) in the United States, the pecan nut is harvested in mid-October, with the U.S. currently producing 80-95% of the world’s total pecan crop—annually generating 150,000-200,000 tons from over 10 million trees. The Pecan is the fastest-growing of the hickories, though its enormous taproot makes it difficult to transplant. Apart from presiding as a valuable crop tree, the Pecan serves as a handsome ornamental tree, a wildlife habitation, and a source of commercial lumber. The Pecan’s wood is further prized for light construction—chiefly for furniture and wood flooring—and can even be used as flavoring fuel for smoking meats.

Mature Tree Photos: