At Native Forest Nursery we grow bare root seedlings and #3 container trees. Our container trees are grown in a #3 air pruned pot. This root making container eliminates nearly all potential for root wrapping. This allows for an excellent root structure and delivers an extremely healthy tree. The bare root seedlings at our nursery are grown in a sandy loam soil with high organic matter content, which provides an extremely healthy environment for our seedlings. Our bare root liners and seedlings are hand lifted, packaged, and kept in cold storage until you are ready to plant. Conservation uses for our products include reclamation, mitigation, reforestation, restoration, wildlife habitat improvement and wetland uses. Horticultural uses for our products include field liners, container liners, landscape plantings, budding stock, grafting stock and ornamental uses.
|Latin Name:||Quercus phellos|
|Fall Foliage:||Orange-gold to yellow|
|Shape:||Oval to rounded crown|
|Bark:||Ridged and furrowed|
|Zone:||Zone 5 to Zone 9|
|Size:||40 to 75 feet|
|Spread:||35 to 50 feet|
|Care:||Medium to wet, well drained soil|
The Willow Oak—scientifically classified as Quercus Phellos and a member of the Fagaceae family—is native to the eastern and central United States. It can be found from Long Island to Florida and from Missouri to eastern Texas, typically situated in lowland floodplains or flanking streams and rivers. Given a 5-9 hardiness rating, the Willow Oak flourishes with full sun and medium to wet well-drained soil. The tree’s oval or rounded crown rears up (typically growing two feet per year) to reach 40-75ft. with an average spread (at first conic, but then rounding out as it grows) of 35-50ft.
Like most other oaks, the Willow Oak produces yellow-green catkins that bloom in April and shallow-cupped acorns favored by many species of wildlife; these acorns are actually a top food source for whitetail deer, quail, wild turkeys, and several species of songbirds. The Willow Oak’s bark is ridged and furrowed. Unlike other oaks, however, the Willow Oak’s acorns are produced fairly soon in its lifespan (around the 15 year mark) and its leaves are uncharacteristically long and tapering. Shaped like willow leaves, these leaves stretch out 5-12cm, with smooth and unlobed margins. Narrow and dark green in color during the spring and summer, the leaves transform into autumn shades of orange, gold, and russet-red before they are shed in the winter.
Classified among the species of red oaks, the Willow Oak is fast-growing and hardy, and its wood is used for pulp and paper production as well as lumber. Since it was first scientifically observed in 1723, the Willow Oak’s wood has also been used to create bar tops, wagon axles, stairs, balustrades, pulpits, bedsteads, and barrels. Today it’s primarily chosen as an ornamental tree, pleasing to the eye and usefully providing ample shade.