At Native Forest Nursery we grow bare root seedlings and #3 container trees. Our container trees are grown in a #3 air pruned pot. This root making container eliminates nearly all potential for root wrapping. This allows for an excellent root structure and delivers an extremely healthy tree. The bare root seedlings at our nursery are grown in a sandy loam soil with high organic matter content, which provides an extremely healthy environment for our seedlings. Our bare root liners and seedlings are hand lifted, packaged, and kept in cold storage until you are ready to plant. Conservation uses for our products include reclamation, mitigation, reforestation, restoration, wildlife habitat improvement and wetland uses. Horticultural uses for our products include field liners, container liners, landscape plantings, budding stock, grafting stock and ornamental uses.

Family: Fagaceae
Latin Name: Quercus bicolor
Foliage: Medium shiny green
Fall Foliage: Orange-gold to yellow
Bloom: Inconspicuous
Bloom Time: April
Shape: Rounded crown
Bark: Tan to brown and flaky
Sun: Full sun
Zone: Zone 3 to Zone 8
Size: 50 to 60 feet
Spread: 50 to 60 feet
Care: Medium to wet, well drained soil

Belonging to the plant family Fagaceae, the Quercus Bicolor—commonly called the Swamp White Oak—is a majestic deciduous tree that is native to America’s northcentral and northeastern mixed forests. Often found flanking small bodies of water, in broad stream valleys, or in lowland fields, the Swamp White Oak is most commonly spotted in western New York and northern Ohio, though it can be found as south as Alabama, as north as Nova Scotia, and as far west as Minnesota. With a 3-8 hardiness range, this tree survives in a wide spectrum of environments.

The Swamp White Oak grows rapidly and ages well, easily surviving for 300-350 years. When mature, it towers up at 50-60 ft. (with the tallest known tree reaching 95 ft.) and boasts a spread of 50-60 ft. on average. The Swamp White Oak favors full sun and medium to wet soil. Its bark resembles that of the White Oak: it is tan or brown in color, and flaky. The tree produces peduncled acorns that mature six months after pollination (attracting a wide variety of wildlife including deer and ducks) and unscented catkins that bloom in April. Its leaves are broad ovoid, shallowly lobed, and lustrous dark green with a silvery underside; these turn earthy shades of brown and bronze (and the occasional red) in autumn. Due to its relative transplanting ease, its rounded crown shape, and its tolerance of poor drainage, the Swamp White Oak is a popular landscaping choice.

Apart from contributing as a food source to many animals, the Swamp White Oak, like other oaks, plays a part in the nurturing of fellow plants. Its leaves decompose more slowly than most other trees (like the Buckthorn or Maple). This provides the perfect insulating cover to support soil microorganisms (and thus insects, and thus other affected wildlife) during the winter months.

Native Forest Nursery Photos:

Mature Tree Photos: