At Native Forest Nursery we grow bare root seedlings and #3 container trees. Our container trees are grown in a #3 air pruned pot. This root making container eliminates nearly all potential for root wrapping. This allows for an excellent root structure and delivers an extremely healthy tree. The bare root seedlings at our nursery are grown in a sandy loam soil with high organic matter content, which provides an extremely healthy environment for our seedlings. Our bare root liners and seedlings are hand lifted, packaged, and kept in cold storage until you are ready to plant. Conservation uses for our products include reclamation, mitigation, reforestation, restoration, wildlife habitat improvement and wetland uses. Horticultural uses for our products include field liners, container liners, landscape plantings, budding stock, grafting stock and ornamental uses.
|Latin Name:||Quercus muehlenbergii|
|Bloom Time:||April to May|
|Shape:||Irregular to round|
|Bark:||Ashy-gray with scaly ridges|
|Zone:||Zone 5 to Zone 7|
|Size:||40 to 60 feet|
|Spread:||50 to 70 feet|
|Care:||Medium to dry, well drained soil|
Prominent and prosperous in its abundance of fruit and shade, the Chinkapin Oak (also spelled “Chinquapin”) serves as a magnificent ornamental specimen and shade tree, ideal for large lawns, parks, and estates. A white oak variety of the Fagaceae family, Quercus Muehlenbergii is native to central and eastern North America, found from Vermont to South Carolina and ranging westward to Wisconsin and northeastern Mexico. Its binomial name honors Pennsylvanian botanist and Lutheran pastor Gotthilf Heinrich Ernst Mühlenberg.
This species closely resembles its cousin the Chestnut Oak, but there are distinct differences. The Chinkapin Oak’s leaves are distinguished by their rounded teeth, instead of the saw-toothed fringe noted on the Chestnut Oak’s leaves; the Chinkapin Oak also possesses an ash-gray, ridged, flaky bark that includes lighter yellow-brown undertones. The Chinkapin Oak’s acorns, which mature from its very first year, are also slightly smaller than the Chestnut Oak’s. Like most other oak varieties, this species favors full sun and medium to dry, well-drained soils; it has a 5-7 hardiness zone rating, and is generally found upland and in loams derived from limestone.
The Chinkapin Oak grows willingly in association with other tree species, and is a common forest tree, though it is intolerant of shade (growing all the more intolerant with age). A mature Chinkapin Oak may reach heights of 40-60 ft., with a slightly wider span of approximately 50-70 ft. Its thick deciduous canopy crests in a rounded or irregular crown of dark green leaves—embellished from April to May with yellow-green catkins—which later lighten to toffee-yellow autumnal hues. The Chinkapin Oak can be susceptible to diseases and pests, and a severe wildfire can leave fire scars that serve as entry points for rot-causing fungi. However, unlike other white oak varieties, the Chinkapin Oak has a durable hardwood timber that is prized and used for many styles of construction. In the past, this timber has been used to build fences, fuel steamships, and create railroad ties. The Chinkapin Oak is furthermore appreciated for its sweet acorns, enjoyed by humans and wildlife alike.