At Native Forest Nursery we grow bare root seedlings and #3 container trees. Our container trees are grown in a #3 air pruned pot. This root making container eliminates nearly all potential for root wrapping. This allows for an excellent root structure and delivers an extremely healthy tree. The bare root seedlings at our nursery are grown in a sandy loam soil with high organic matter content, which provides an extremely healthy environment for our seedlings. Our bare root liners and seedlings are hand lifted, packaged, and kept in cold storage until you are ready to plant. Conservation uses for our products include reclamation, mitigation, reforestation, restoration, wildlife habitat improvement and wetland uses. Horticultural uses for our products include field liners, container liners, landscape plantings, budding stock, grafting stock and ornamental uses.
|Latin Name:||Quercus macrocarpa|
|Bloom Time:||April to May|
|Shape:||Irregular to round|
|Bark:||Dark gray to brown with deep furrows|
|Zone:||Zone 3 to Zone 8|
|Size:||60 to 80 feet|
|Spread:||60 to 80 feet|
|Care:||Medium to dry, well drained soil|
The Bur Oak (sometimes spelled “Burr Oak” and alternatively known as “Mossycup Oak”) is widespread throughout North American’s Atlantic coastal plains, with the vast majority of this species found around the eastern Great Plains, near the Great Lakes, and along the Mississippi/Missouri/Ohio valley. The tree has a 3-8 hardiness zone rating—being in fact the furthest-ranging oak variety in the nation—and it thrives given full sun and medium to dry, well-drained soils. Usually planted upland, the Bur Oak is favored as an ornamental shade and shelter tree. This species needs its space; it typically grows in open uplands or in forests where there is a break in the canopy. It is among the most fire-tolerant of trees, making it an invaluable survivor in the Midwest where early spring and late autumn fires often occur.
The Bur Oak is a massive, majestic tree. Scientifically classified as Quercus Macrocarpa and ranked in the Fagaceae family, this specimen is characterized by its broad crown (alternatively irregular or rounded) which typically rears up to 60-80 ft. (though some specimens have been known to tower over 100 ft.). This species is usually slightly wider than it is tall. Its trunk is enormous, layered with a furrowed gray bark and interspersed with heavy, widespread horizontal branches.
This species’ leaves are long and veined, their lobes separated by deep sinuses. Otherwise dark green, the Bur Oak’s foliage transforms to fierce shades of golden-brown in the autumn. Like the majority of the oak variations, it produces yellow-green catkins from April to May which quickly fade to reveal the tree’s wild and wooly fruit. The Bur Oak’s acorns are the largest of all native oaks, with very deeply fringed cups, and from which this tree has derived its name (the acorn cups resemble the spiny burs of chestnuts). These seeds are a beloved food source for a variety of wildlife, including cattle, porcupines, and black bears; bears sometimes will literally tear off entire branches to get to the acorns. The Bur Oak produces only these seeds in heavy amounts every few years, an interesting evolutionary strategy meant to counter the habitual attempts of seed predators, and thereby ensuring the tree’s propagation.