At Native Forest Nursery we grow bare root seedlings and #3 container trees. Our container trees are grown in a #3 air pruned pot. This root making container eliminates nearly all potential for root wrapping. This allows for an excellent root structure and delivers an extremely healthy tree. The bare root seedlings at our nursery are grown in a sandy loam soil with high organic matter content, which provides an extremely healthy environment for our seedlings. Our bare root liners and seedlings are hand lifted, packaged, and kept in cold storage until you are ready to plant. Conservation uses for our products include reclamation, mitigation, reforestation, restoration, wildlife habitat improvement and wetland uses. Horticultural uses for our products include field liners, container liners, landscape plantings, budding stock, grafting stock and ornamental uses.

Family: Fagaceae
Latin Name: Quercus velutina
Foliage: Dark green
Fall Foliage: Yellow-brown
Bloom: Yellowish-green
Bloom Time: April to May
Shape: Irregular to round
Bark: Black with deep furrows
Sun: Full sun
Zone: Zone 3 to Zone 9
Size: 50 to 60 feet
Spread: 50 to 60 feet
Care: Medium to dry, well drained soil

A common oak often found in upland regions and upon sandy or glacial clay hillsides, the Black Oak’s typical lifespan extends up to 200 years. It is native to nearly all of the eastern and Midwestern United States, growing best in the central states where the climate is moderate and sunshine is plentiful. Given a 3-9 hardiness zone rating, the Black Oak favors medium to dry, well-drained soils and thrives in direct sunlight. Scientifically classified as Quercus Velutina and belonging to the Fagaceae family, this deciduous specimen is also frequently termed as “Eastern Black Oak” and was also formerly called “Yellow Oak” (a name now assigned to the Chinkapin Oak).

Layered with deeply furrowed black bark (as its name appropriately implies), the Black Oak can rear up to 50-60 ft. (growing even taller in the warmer southern states) with a respective spread, culminating in an irregular or rounded crown. This species is known to hybridize with other members of the oak family, especially the Red Oak. Its leaves are a gleaming dark green with a yellowish tint to their undersides; they are alternate and their bristly lobes are divided by deep U-shaped sinuses. The Black Oak is monoecious, meaning that both male and female flowers are found on each individual tree; these yellowish-green catkins appear in April and May. The flowers are later replaced by a summery crop of russet acorns, occurring singly or in clusters, each topped with a scaly cap and ripening from late summer to late autumn. These acorns are dispersed by gravity, squirrels, mice, and birds. The Black Oak’s autumn foliage is an arabesque of gleaming golden-brown colors with occasional traces of coppery orange and muted red.

Prized as an ornamental and shade tree, the Black Oak is found in many streets, parks, and lawns across the nation. It is frequent in the wild as well, dappling the forests of the American wilderness. Its cavities provide refuge to a variety of wildlife, especially woodpeckers. And woodworkers follow those birds’ lead, prizing the Black Oak’s timber for its strength and hardness. The wood has a distinctive oaky aroma and is usually tinged a reddish-brown color; it is used primarily for furniture and flooring.

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Mature Tree Photos: