At Native Forest Nursery we grow bare root seedlings and #3 container trees. Our container trees are grown in a #3 air pruned pot. This root making container eliminates nearly all potential for root wrapping. This allows for an excellent root structure and delivers an extremely healthy tree. The bare root seedlings at our nursery are grown in a sandy loam soil with high organic matter content, which provides an extremely healthy environment for our seedlings. Our bare root liners and seedlings are hand lifted, packaged, and kept in cold storage until you are ready to plant. Conservation uses for our products include reclamation, mitigation, reforestation, restoration, wildlife habitat improvement and wetland uses. Horticultural uses for our products include field liners, container liners, landscape plantings, budding stock, grafting stock and ornamental uses.

A.K.A.: Scrub Oak
Family: Fagaceae
Latin Name: Quercus ilicifolia
Foliage: Dark green
Fall Foliage: Reddish-brown
Bloom: Yellowish-green
Bloom Time: May to June
Shape: Spreading to rounded
Bark: Dark brown and smooth
Sun: Full sun
Zone: Zone 5 to Zone 9
Size: 12 to 20 feet
Spread: 12 to 20 feet
Care: Medium to dry, well drained soil

Quercus Ilicifolia—commonly known as the Scrub Oak, or alternatively “Bear Oak”—is a small, gnarled variant of the Fagaceae family. Native to eastern North America, with a scope that ranges from Ontario to North Carolina, this deciduous specimen is known for its gangly structure, its formidable long-living taproot (which can support several generations), and its allure to wildlife (especially bears, who enjoy eating the acorns, stems, and foliage particularly when preparing for hibernation).

Cultivated as a small tree or tall shrub, the Scrub Oak reaches an average height and span of 12-20 ft., thriving in medium to dry, well-drained soils. It grows best when drenched with plentiful sunlight, and has a 5-9 hardiness zone rating. This oak is a dominant plant of deciduous forests, upland shrub-lands, and rocky summits, with a strong tolerance to environmental disturbances; even if fire burns its above-ground parts, the Scrub Oak can sprout again from its prolific taproot. This specimen serves as a habitat refuge and food source to a variety of wildlife, including bears, white-tailed deer, squirrels, wild turkeys, and a spectrum of insects.

The Scrub Oak is monoecious; it bears yellowish-green male catkins and clustered female flowers that bloom from May to June. Its leaves are alternately arranged, lobed, deeply veined, glossy dark green on their upper surface and downy smoke-green on their undersides. In the autumn, the Scrub Oak’s foliage transforms into warm shades of burnt sienna, smoky brown, and auburn. Its bark is smooth and dark brown, flaking slightly with age. This species’ acorns are dry and hard-walled, usually containing one seed, and they do not naturally split.

“The moon was low in the sky over the pastureland; the face of it was scarred and scuffed where it had just torn up out of the snarl of scrub oak and madrone trees on the horizon. The stars up close to the moon were pale; they got brighter and braver the further they got out of the circle of light ruled by the giant moon.” –Ken Kesey, One Flew Over the Cuckoo’s Nest