At Native Forest Nursery we grow bare root seedlings and #3 container trees. Our container trees are grown in a #3 air pruned pot. This root making container eliminates nearly all potential for root wrapping. This allows for an excellent root structure and delivers an extremely healthy tree. The bare root seedlings at our nursery are grown in a sandy loam soil with high organic matter content, which provides an extremely healthy environment for our seedlings. Our bare root liners and seedlings are hand lifted, packaged, and kept in cold storage until you are ready to plant. Conservation uses for our products include reclamation, mitigation, reforestation, restoration, wildlife habitat improvement and wetland uses. Horticultural uses for our products include field liners, container liners, landscape plantings, budding stock, grafting stock and ornamental uses.

Family: Rosaceae
Latin Name: Crataegus phaenopyrum
Foliage: Dark green
Fall Foliage: Red or purple
Bloom: White
Bloom Time: June
Shape: Oval to Round
Bark: Rough and slightly shaggy
Sun: Full sun to part shade
Zone: Zone 3 to Zone 8
Size: 25 to 30 feet
Spread: 25 to 30 feet
Care: Medium, well drained soil

A beloved tree of songbirds, the Washington Hawthorn is sure to grace your lawn with the sweet warbling of birds along with its delightful display of June flowers and vivid autumnal foliage. It is in fact deemed the most ornamental of all the hawthorns, although you could just as easily consider it the femme fatale of its botanical family (Rosaeae); it is distinguished by the extremely sharp thorns—often growing 2-3 inches long (and to which half of the tree’s name pays tribute to)—that line its branches, adding a perilous trick to this lovely treat. Scientifically classified as Crataegus Phaenopyrum, the Washington Hawthorn was thus named in 1883 when it was introduced to Pennsylvania from Washington.

Appreciated across the majority of the United States, the Washington Hawthorn has a 3-8 hardiness zone rating and succeeds best in medium, well-drained soils. Ideal conditions include full sun to partial shade. A mature Washington Hawthorn can grow up to 25-30 ft. with a respective span and it develops into an oval or rounded structure. In the spring, its burgeoning leaves are graced with a reddish-purple tint that turns a dusky green in the summer before transforming to pigments of rich scarlet, auburn, and purple in the autumn. The Washington Hawthorn’s white June flowers are bright and have a distinctive scent. After its deciduous leaves are shed, the Washington Hawthorn’s copper-red berries linger throughout most of the winter, a stunning visual contrast to the backdrop of the tree’s grayish-brown bark and a landscape of winter snows.

The Washington Hawthorn will tolerate compact, dry, or poor soil, and is resilient against the leaf-spotting fungus that terrorizes older cultivars of English Hawthorn. Due to its beauty, hardiness, and minimal maintenance, the Washington Hawthorn is commonly planted as a hedge, specimen plant, street tree, or landscape border. Just watch out for those thorns!

“And every shepherd tells his tale, under the hawthorn in the dale.” –John Milton

Mature Tree Photos: