At Native Forest Nursery we grow bare root seedlings and #3 container trees. Our container trees are grown in a #3 air pruned pot. This root making container eliminates nearly all potential for root wrapping. This allows for an excellent root structure and delivers an extremely healthy tree. The bare root seedlings at our nursery are grown in a sandy loam soil with high organic matter content, which provides an extremely healthy environment for our seedlings. Our bare root liners and seedlings are hand lifted, packaged, and kept in cold storage until you are ready to plant. Conservation uses for our products include reclamation, mitigation, reforestation, restoration, wildlife habitat improvement and wetland uses. Horticultural uses for our products include field liners, container liners, landscape plantings, budding stock, grafting stock and ornamental uses.

Family: Cannabaceae
Latin Name: Celtis occidentalis
Foliage: Medium green
Fall Foliage: Insignificant yellow
Bloom: Insignificant
Bloom Time: April to May
Shape: Rounded to spreading
Bark: Gray corky warts and ridges
Sun: Full sun to part shade
Zone: Zone 2 to Zone 9
Size: 40 to 60 feet
Spread: 40 to 60 feet
Care: Medium, well drained soil

Scientifically classified as Celtis Occidentalis, the Hackberry (or the Common Hackberry) belongs to the Cannabaeae family. This deciduous tree is normally classified as an extremely resilient hardwood, easily distinguished from other similar plants by the wart-like corky protuberances on its ridged brown bark. Most pronounced in younger trees, its remarkably patterned trunk is graced with a rounded and spreading canopy of spear-headed and coarse-textured green leaves that lighten to autumnal tones of subdued yellow and muted brown. In April and May, the Hackberry’s pale green flowers appear, polygamo-monoecious, later replaced by globular purple fruits.

The Hackberry’s native range spans the northeastern and north central portion of the United States, with some of the best environments cited in the Mississippi valley; there, such trees have been found to tower at heights of over 130 ft., though the Hackberry’s typical dimensions remain within a tallness and span of 40-60 ft. The Hackberry thrives in medium, well-drained soils with exposure to full sun to partial shade; it can survive approximately 150-200 years given ideal conditions. It has a hardiness zone rating of 2-9, proving its resilience in the face of a spectrum of temperatures and ecosystems. A hardy Hackberry can withstand strong winds, heavy rainfall, moderate drought, and air pollution, though it may drop a portion of its leaves if overstressed. It is not as tolerant of pests. This tree’s timber, prized for its toughness and durability, has graced the floors of many an old pioneer cabin.

Moderately tall and respectively hardy, the Hackberry is often chosen as a farmstead or field windbreak, for riparian planting, and to majestically flank roads and boulevards. It can also be found as an ornamental and shade tree in parks and landscapes, favored for its generous canopy and sturdiness. The Hackberry’s fruits feed a variety of winter birds; its flowers also attract a comprehensive assortment of butterfly species and other pollinators.

Mature Tree Photos: