At Native Forest Nursery we grow bare root seedlings and #3 container trees. Our container trees are grown in a #3 air pruned pot. This root making container eliminates nearly all potential for root wrapping. This allows for an excellent root structure and delivers an extremely healthy tree. The bare root seedlings at our nursery are grown in a sandy loam soil with high organic matter content, which provides an extremely healthy environment for our seedlings. Our bare root liners and seedlings are hand lifted, packaged, and kept in cold storage until you are ready to plant. Conservation uses for our products include reclamation, mitigation, reforestation, restoration, wildlife habitat improvement and wetland uses. Horticultural uses for our products include field liners, container liners, landscape plantings, budding stock, grafting stock and ornamental uses.
|Latin Name:||Sambucus nigra canadensis|
|Bloom Time:||June to July|
|Bark:||Light grayish brown and smooth|
|Sun:||Full sun to part shade|
|Zone:||Zone 3 to Zone 9|
|Size:||12 to 5 feet|
|Spread:||12 to 5 feet|
|Care:||Medium, well drained soil|
For centuries, the Elderberry has been used as a folk remedy throughout North America, Europe, and North Africa, treating a spectrum of conditions and ailments ranging from viral infections, tonsillitis, flu viruses, swelling, open wounds, and sinus infections. Belonging to the family Adoxaceae, the Sambucus Nigra Canadensisi—also commonly known as the American Black Elderberry—is the elderberry species which is native to eastern North America, found along the entire east coast of the United States and westward to the Rocky Mountains, ranging as far north as Canada and as far south as Mexico. It boasts a 3-9 hardiness zone rating.
The Elderberry’s leaves grow in opposite pairs: bright green and longer than they are broad. In June and July, the tree bears corymbs of white blossoms. In the summer, the Elderberry produces its famous purple-black berries, which decorate the tree in drooping clusters among its golden autumn foliage. Growing to a height of 5-12 ft. with a respective 15-12 ft. span, the Elderberry is best grown in conditions that allow for plenty of sun (ideally full sun to partial shade) and it tolerates both wet and dry soils, though medium, well-drained soils are best. Its smooth bark is typically light grayish-brown.
As a deciduous suckering plant, the Elderberry can spread quickly and can be used as a hedge or landscape plant. Its popularity, however, is chiefly due to its many medicinal virtues. The tree’s inner bark and leaves have been used as insecticides and dyes. Its stems have been used to create spouts, toys, and musical instruments. The Elderberry’s leaves and stems—as well as its roots and unripe fruit—are toxic due to their secretions of alkaloids and cyanogenic glycosides. The ripe berry is rich in antioxidants, vitamins, and flavonoids. The Hadassah’s Oncology Lab in Israel uses Elderberry to treat cancer and AIDs patients; Germany’s Federal Agricultural Center (Bundesforschungsanstalt für Landwirtschaft) has conducted multiple studies showing that the Elderberry greatly enhances the human immune system.