At Native Forest Nursery we grow bare root seedlings and #3 container trees. Our container trees are grown in a #3 air pruned pot. This root making container eliminates nearly all potential for root wrapping. This allows for an excellent root structure and delivers an extremely healthy tree. The bare root seedlings at our nursery are grown in a sandy loam soil with high organic matter content, which provides an extremely healthy environment for our seedlings. Our bare root liners and seedlings are hand lifted, packaged, and kept in cold storage until you are ready to plant. Conservation uses for our products include reclamation, mitigation, reforestation, restoration, wildlife habitat improvement and wetland uses. Horticultural uses for our products include field liners, container liners, landscape plantings, budding stock, grafting stock and ornamental uses.

Family: Adoxaceae
Latin Name: Viburnum prunifolium
Foliage: Dark green
Fall Foliage: Red to purple
Bloom: White
Bloom Time: May to June
Shape: Irregular crown
Bark: Black-brown, blocky
Sun: Full sun to part shade
Zone: Zone 3 to Zone 9
Size: 12 to 15 feet
Spread: 12 to 6 feet
Care: Medium to wet, well drained soil

A moderately sized shrub, the lovely little Blackhaw—or Viburnum prunifolium in botanical vernacular—is a deciduous plant characterized by its short crooked trunk, outreaching and distinctly colorful stems, and cheery clusters of tiny cream-white blossoms. It is most commonly classified as a member of the Adoxaceae family, due to its drupe-styled fruit and short nectary-lacking corollas; as a dicotyledonous flowering plant, however, it is sometimes cited as belonging to the Caprifoliaceae family instead.

The Blackhaw is native to a strip of eastern and mid-eastern North America, stretching from Connecticut and Georgia to Texas and Alabama, with a 3-9 hardiness zone rating. Its irregular crown reaches an average height of 12-15 ft., with the tree encompassing an approximate spread of 6-12 ft. Burgeoning in medium to wet well-drained soils and in conditions that allow for full sun to partial shade, the Blackhaw provides a spectrum of colors throughout the year. Its bark is reddish-brown, with a blocky design and a rough texture that becomes even coarser as the tree ages. The color of the Blackhaw’s branchlets originates as red, shifts to green, and then finally darkens to become a rich, dark, red-tinged brown. The tree’s dusky green leaves are broad and often oval in shape with serrated edges, and these turn shades of crimson and maroon in the autumn. The Blackhaw’s pale flowers bloom from May to June, later giving way to elliptical drupes (initially green-yellow or rosy-pink, and maturing as blue-black) that hang in clusters and ripen in late summer. The fruits may remain on the tree throughout the winter, shriveled and edible even after the first frost, and they provide fodder for many bird species.

Apart from its value as an ornamental plant, the Blackhaw is known for its medicinal and culinary uses as well. The bark especially has been used for centuries, particularly to treat gynecological conditions (from preventing miscarriages to reducing morning sickness). Though it isn’t on the FDA’s approved list, the Blackhaw is still referenced today as a folk remedy to prevent menstrual cramps.

Mature Tree Photos: