At Native Forest Nursery we grow bare root seedlings and #3 container trees. Our container trees are grown in a #3 air pruned pot. This root making container eliminates nearly all potential for root wrapping. This allows for an excellent root structure and delivers an extremely healthy tree. The bare root seedlings at our nursery are grown in a sandy loam soil with high organic matter content, which provides an extremely healthy environment for our seedlings. Our bare root liners and seedlings are hand lifted, packaged, and kept in cold storage until you are ready to plant. Conservation uses for our products include reclamation, mitigation, reforestation, restoration, wildlife habitat improvement and wetland uses. Horticultural uses for our products include field liners, container liners, landscape plantings, budding stock, grafting stock and ornamental uses.
|Latin Name:||Betula alleghaniensis|
|Foliage:||Medium to dark green|
|Bloom:||Brown and green catkins; inconspicuous|
|Bloom Time:||April to May|
|Shape:||Rounded to irregular|
|Bark:||Papery grayish yellow strips|
|Sun:||Full sun to part shade|
|Zone:||Zone 4 to Zone 9|
|Size:||60 to 75 feet|
|Spread:||40 to 60 feet|
|Care:||Medium to wet, well drained soil|
Celebrated as the most useful of North American birches, the Yellow Birch is primarily found in cooler climates than other members of the Betulaceae family. Native to northeastern North America, its range extends from Newfoundland and Minnesota down to the Appalachian Mountains and northern Georgia. It has a 4-7 zone hardiness rating, and thrives in full sun to partial shade, preferring medium to wet soil. You may also hear it called the Gray Birch, Silver Birch, or Swamp Birch. It is the provincial tree of Quebec.
With a rounded to irregular shape, the Yellow Birch generally peaks at 60-75 ft. with a 40-60 ft. spread. Deciduous in nature, this tree sheds its green foliage in the winter and blooms around April or May, characterized then by its inconspicuous brown and green catkins. Its most distinguishing feature, however, may be its bronze-colored (or occasionally silver-toned) exfoliating bark, which it tends to shed in horizontal papery strips. Its aromatic inner bark can reveal a refreshing wintergreen flavor and scent, and its color—typically silvery gray or yellowish brown—darkens with age.
The Yellow Birch’s wood is prized for its texture and quality, marked by its strength, close-grained nature, and heaviness. It is commonly used for furniture, cabinetry, tools, flooring, and doors; it sustains paints and stains very well. The wood is also used in the distillation of wood alcohol, charcoal, tar, and oils. The bark peels are extremely flammable, and can be used to create a fire even when wet. The living tree also helps to sustain many types of wildlife; squirrels, songbirds, snowshoe hares, deer, moose, porcupines, and caterpillars are among the creatures that feed on the tree’s seeds, catkins, buds, and sap.
“I frequently tramped eight or ten miles through the deepest snow to keep an appointment with a beech-tree, or a yellow birch, or an old acquaintance among the pines.” – Henry David Thoreau