At Native Forest Nursery we grow bare root seedlings and #3 container trees. Our container trees are grown in a #3 air pruned pot. This root making container eliminates nearly all potential for root wrapping. This allows for an excellent root structure and delivers an extremely healthy tree. The bare root seedlings at our nursery are grown in a sandy loam soil with high organic matter content, which provides an extremely healthy environment for our seedlings. Our bare root liners and seedlings are hand lifted, packaged, and kept in cold storage until you are ready to plant. Conservation uses for our products include reclamation, mitigation, reforestation, restoration, wildlife habitat improvement and wetland uses. Horticultural uses for our products include field liners, container liners, landscape plantings, budding stock, grafting stock and ornamental uses.

Family: Fagaceae
Latin Name: Fagus grandifolia
Foliage: Dark green
Fall Foliage: Golden bronze
Bloom: Yellowish-green
Bloom Time: April to May
Shape: Oval to rounded crown
Bark: Smooth and gray
Sun: Full sun to part shade
Zone: Zone 3 to Zone 9
Size: 50 to 80 feet
Spread: 40 to 80 feet
Care: Medium, well drained soil

The American Beech, belonging to the family Fagaceae and binomially termed Fagus Grandifolia, is a native of the eastern United States and southeast Canada. Its reach expands from Nova Scotia to Florida and from Wisconsin to Texas. Rearing up to 50-80 ft. with a generous 40-80 ft. spread and an oval or rounded crown, this tree provides ample shade in the summer. The American Beech’s dark-green deciduous foliage shifts to lovely golden-bronze hues in the autumn months, shedding its sparsely-toothed leaves in the winter to reveal the smooth silvery-gray bark which has often proven to be a tempting surface for initial carving (and little wonder, since books were made of beech wood!). Beech buds are characteristically thin and long, resembling cigars, and thus easily identified. The species is monoecious (yellowish-green flowers of both sexes appear on the same tree from April to May) and proliferates both through seedling dispersal and root sprouts.

Slow-growing and long-living, the American Beech is a versatile tree often spotted in parks and acreages. It thrives in full sun to partial shade (preferring shade the older it grows), within the 3-9 hardiness zone, and when situated in medium well-drained soils. It has a low tolerance for salt, soil compaction, and urban pollution. Rich soil and ample moisture encourage slightly faster growth; for this reason, early American settlers considered healthy groves of American Beeches emblematic of land that would be favorable for farming. The tree is an important food source and habitat for a wide variety of wildlife. Components of the American Beech provide a basis for many herbal remedies, and its timber is praised for its good workability, strength, and comparative low cost.

The Beech has long been associated with purity and power in folklore. The American Beech appears in the Micmac Creation story, which tells of a sweat-lodge fashioned from seven alders, seven willows, and seven beech saplings, and covered with animal hides and mud, from which seven men emerge purified and renewed. Another Native American myth—a Seneca legend about the promise of spring—illustrates the bravery and resilience of the American Beech as a tree that keeps its leaves and stands with the conifers during the winter months in order to withstand the cold and retain its power. The Beech tree also makes its appearance in a multitude of other mythologies and religions around the world, including Greek, Norse, and Egyptian folklore.

Mature Tree Photos: